Helpful adjectives (expressions):
Lontano: Far away
Vicino: Close by
Dove é... ? : Where is... ?
Quanto costa? : What is the cost?
Quando? : When?
Come? : How?
Perché ? : Why?
Per favore / Per piacere: Please
Grazie: Thank you
Prego: You're welcome
Permesso: Excuse me (to get by)
Scusi: Excuse me (to get attention)
Come sta?: How are you?
Ciao: Hi! (Casual and informal)
Buongiorno: Hello / Good morning
Buona sera: Hello / Good evening
Buona notte: Good night
A domani: See you tomorrow
A presto!: See you soon!
Stores and shops have specific purposes in Italy:
A BAR is a coffee shop.
Tabaccheria: Bus/metro tickets, gum/candy, post cards/smoking
Cartoleria/Edicola: Magazines, newspapers, reading/writing periodicals
Ristorante/Osteria/Trattoria: Are all eating establishments for lunch and/or dinner. The differences are style, size and casual versus elegant
Pasticceria: Sweets, pastries, cakes, tortes, everything for the sweet tooth!
Forno/Fornaio: Breads and focaccia
Pizza al taglio: Pizza by the slice
Stazione: Station (train or bus)
Centro: Center (each town/city has a center and it's always the heart of the locations and indicated in signs by a black and white bullseye type symbol)
Birreria: Beer establishment
Enoteca: Wine establishment
When in a coffee shop:
A coffee shop in Italy is called BAR. They serve espresso drinks, light food such as panini and pastries, sometimes gelato, always wine and other adult drinks. An espresso shot is the most popular coffee ordered in Italy and it's simply called CAFFE'.
When you walk into a bar, if looking for an espresso like most Italians do multiple times per day, simply say the following:
"Buongiorno. Un caffe' per favore. Grazie"
When in a grocery store:
When traveling, I absolutely love to visit local grocery stores and markets. Seeing what locals eat and where they shop is a great window in the culture you are visiting. We will be purchasing our own local ingredients for some of Divora Roma's cooking activities, so you will have first hand experience.
When grocery shopping in Italy, if you'd like a shopping cart, you have to have a one Euro coin to use to unlock each cart. You will then get that coin back when you return the cart to the original location. Also, you have to weigh fruits and vegetables as you are shopping, so the cashier can quickly scan the label. There are no free bags available, you have to purchase each one as needed. People are encouraged to bring their own reusable bags. Most of the time, you bag your own groceries, unless you see someone there doing it for you (usually kids earning extra cash).
When reaching the cashier and asking for 2 bags, simply say the first sentence below. Then, upon leaving, say the second sentence below:
"Ciao! Due buste per favore"